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  • Writer's pictureTeam Pinto

What to Expect From a Home Inspection

A home inspection is a crucial step in the real estate process, whether you're a hopeful buyer or a seller preparing to list your Waterloo Region home. It's more than just a formality; a thorough inspection protects everyone involved! Here we are going to take a closer look at what home inspections are, what they cover (and don't), and how to navigate the results, whether you are a buyer getting ready to close or a seller hoping for a quick, top dollar home sale.

For Buyers: Peace of Mind

A home inspection is your safety net, protecting your investment and minimizing the risk of unpleasant surprises after you move in. Here's how it delivers peace of mind:

  • Uncover Potential Issues: Even in a seemingly perfect home, a trained inspector can spot problems the average buyer might miss. This includes structural concerns, hidden water damage, electrical hazards, or outdated appliances nearing the end of their lifespan.

  • Negotiate with Confidence: Knowledge is power! A detailed inspection report gives you leverage. You might request the seller address major issues before closing, negotiate a lower price to reflect needed repairs, or, in certain cases, justify walking away from a home that might end up a money pit.

  • Prevent Costly Surprises: Imagine discovering a leaky roof or faulty furnace weeks after moving in. An inspection allows you to budget for potential repairs upfront, or factor them into your decision to purchase the home in the first place.

  • Long-term Confidence: Even if no major problems are found, a positive inspection report reassures you that you've made a well-informed decision about your new home.

  • Insurance Implications: Some insurance companies may require a recent inspection report or deny coverage if certain issues are present. An inspection helps streamline the insurance process.

Note:  Even in a hot seller's market, it's always wise to include a home inspection contingency in your offer. This protects you in the event significant issues are uncovered.

For Sellers: Proactive Preparation

While a buyer-ordered inspection might feel nerve-wracking for sellers, it's actually a powerful tool when approached with the right mindset. Here's how being proactive about inspections can work to your advantage:

  • Avoid Post-Sale Disputes: A pre-listing inspection gives you a clear picture of your home's condition. This transparency allows you to address issues beforehand, or price your home accordingly, minimizing the potential for buyers to come back later with claims of undisclosed problems.

  • Address Minor Problems: Discovering a leaky faucet, a worn-out water heater, or some faulty wiring during YOUR inspection allows for timely, cost-effective fixes. These fixes prevent potential negotiation hurdles down the road, making your home more appealing to buyers.

  • Attract Informed Buyers: Serious buyers expect a home inspection. Having a report available signals you're a transparent seller with nothing to hide. This attracts confident buyers who are less likely to back out due to inspection surprises.

  • Smoother Negotiations: When buyers know what they're getting into, negotiations are often faster and smoother. You avoid those stressful back-and-forth situations where a buyer's inspection uncovers unexpected issues.

  • Potential for Higher Offers: A well-maintained home with minor issues addressed can fetch a higher price than a property where the condition is unknown. Buyers are willing to pay a premium for peace of mind.

Pre-Listing Inspection Tip: While you can share the inspection with potential buyers, keep in mind it is still considered a buyer's due diligence tool. It's always wise to have your own realtor present when the buyer's inspection is conducted.

What Does a Home Inspection Cover?

A standard Canadian home inspection is a visual, non-invasive assessment. Here's a deeper look at the typical areas and items covered:

Structural Components:

  • Foundation: Inspector checks for cracks, shifting, or signs of moisture intrusion.

  • Roof: Evaluates materials, flashing, gutters, and looks for signs of leaks or damage.

  • Framing: Assesses the overall structure's integrity, visible in attics/crawlspaces.

  • Walls, Windows, Doors: Checks condition, operation, and notes any drafts/water damage.


  • Water Pressure & Flow: Tests faucets and fixtures throughout the home.

  • Functional Fixtures: Ensures toilets, showers, and sinks operate correctly.

  • Signs of Leaks: Checks under sinks, around appliances, and exposed pipes.

  • Plumbing Lines: Assesses visible materials for age, proper installation, and condition.


  • Outlets & Fixtures: Tests functionality and checks for safe installation.

  • Electrical Panel: Evaluates type, capacity, and looks for obvious issues (e.g., double-tapped breakers).

  • Wiring: Assesses any visible wiring for proper materials and installation practices.

Heating & Cooling:

  • Furnace & Air Conditioner: Tests the units, checks filters, and assesses overall age and condition.

  • Related Components: Inspects ductwork (accessible portions), vents, and thermostats.


  • Flooring, Ceilings, Walls: Notes condition, looks for signs of damage, or unusual wear.

  • Countertops: Checks for damage, stains, or issues with seams and installation.

  • Built-in Appliances: Tests basic operation of dishwasher, stove, etc.

  • Fireplace: Inspects visible parts, checks for proper venting (if possible).

  • Visible Insulation: Assesses type and amount in attic or readily accessible areas.


  • Siding: Checks condition of materials, looks for rot, warping, or missing pieces.

  • Grading & Drainage: Assesses how landscaping slopes away from the house, and checks for proper gutter function.

  • Decks, Balconies: Inspects condition, railings, stairs, and looks for signs of wood rot, etc.

  • Garage: Checks door operation, concrete condition, and notes overall state.

What's NOT Covered?

Home inspections have limitations. It's crucial to understand what's NOT included:

  • Pests, Mold, Radon, Asbestos: These typically require specialized testing by qualified professionals.

  • In-Depth Appliance Testing: Inspectors generally check basic functionality, not the lifespan or efficiency of appliances.

  • Disassembly: Inspectors won't dismantle furnaces, open electrical panels, or test behind walls.

  • Cosmetic Issues: Minor scuffs, outdated finishes, etc., are subjective and not usually noted.

  • Issues Beyond the Visual: Inspectors can't predict future failures or problems hidden within the home's structure.

  • Pools, Sprinkler Systems, etc.: Specialty systems usually require separate inspections.

Choosing an Inspector and Understanding the Report

  • Qualifications Matter: Seek a qualified inspector who is a member of a professional Canadian association like CAHPI.

  • Be Present: Attend the inspection to ask questions and observe firsthand.

  • Review the Report: A detailed report will outline findings, photos, and recommendations. Your real estate agent can help you interpret this.

Next Steps: For Buyers and Sellers

  • Buyers: Discuss major concerns with your realtor, consider negotiating repairs, obtaining specialized inspections, or revisiting the purchase if warranted.

  • Sellers: Address reasonable repair requests to keep the sale moving. If disputes arise, solutions might involve price adjustments or providing credits at closing.

Team Pinto is Here to Guide You!

Navigating home inspection outcomes is where your real estate agent's expertise shines. We'll advocate for your interests, connect you with trusted inspectors (if needed), and ensure the inspection process contributes to a successful and stress-free real estate transaction.

Ready to Buy or Sell with Confidence?

Contact Team Pinto today! Whether you're looking to buy a Waterloo Region home or preparing to list yours for sale, we're your expert guides to understanding inspections and achieving your real estate goals.



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